It may awe you to know your passport, visa or ticket is not only the vital thing you need to take along whiles travelling. There’s another “passbook” needed. Although some countries don’t require it strictly, there are others who are much keen on it, especially most African states and may refuse you entry into their country if you’re without it .
The CARTE JAUNE (French ), or the YELLOW CARD ( English ), Is an International Certificate of Vaccination (ICV)issued by the WHO . It’s a prove one has immunity from the disease Yellow Fever also known as Prophylaxis.
WHAT IS YELLOW FEVER? ?
According to the WHO, it’s an acute viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by an infected mosquito. The mosquito species that carries this diseases is known as AEDES AEGYPTI. The mode of transmission is
Sylvatic( jungle)by this, “wild” mosquitos which lives in the thick forest , transfers the disease from monkeys who happens to be primary reservoirs of the disease to humans.
The Inter mediate : This is when semi domestic mosquitoes infect both monkeys and people. This is noted to be the common outbreak in Africa.
Lastly, the Urban Yellow Fever : This is when mosquitoes bites an infected person and spreads it out in heavily populated areas with high mosquito density but little or no immunity due to lack of vaccination.
Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and jaundice. It’s name, sprang from how yellowish the victims eyes and body turns yellow. It can adversely affect the liver and kidney when the disease gets into its second phase. Bleeding can occur from the mouth, nose, eyes etc. Sadly,half of the patients who enters into this stage die within 7-10 days .
How Can You Stay Safe ?
The only way to be safe is by vaccine. Yes, treatment can help but the condition can’t be cured. There’s currently no specific anti viral drug for yellow fever, hence the need to be vaccinated. The total cost of the vaccine ranges between $150-$350 k or less depending on your state. At a boarder, you may be required to pay an equivalent of $ 10k or a penalty of $2 k to be allowed to cross. The vaccine protects you for as long as ten(10) years. ..oh yes ….ten solid (10)years
In 2017, a campaigned called the Eliminate Yellow Fever Epidemics Strategy (EYE) was launched. It has over 50 partners and supports 40 at-risk countries Worldwide. It’s expected that, more than 1 billion people will be protected against the disease. I hope you’ll add up to the number.
By: Akosua Agyapong